A new study has revealed that peas and beans benefit heart health.
It is a fact that eating a balanced diet that is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables is likely to reduce the risk of certain conditions.
The authors of a recent review in Advances In Nutrition wanted to understand how legumes, which include beans, peas, and lentils, affect heart health.
In particular, they focused on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and CVD mortality. CVD includes coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, and stroke. They also investigated legume consumption in relation to diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.
In the current review, the authors compared data on people with the lowest and highest intake of legumes. They found that “dietary pulses with or without other legumes were associated with an 8%, 10%, 9%, and 13% decrease in CVD, [coronary heart disease], hypertension, and obesity incidence, respectively.”
However, they found that there was no association between legume intake and the incidence of myocardial infarction, diabetes, or stroke. Similarly, they identified no relationship between legumes and mortality from CVD, coronary heart disease, or stroke.
Authors continued with the evidence that “The overall certainty of the evidence was graded as ‘low’ for CVD incidence and ‘very low’ for all other outcomes.”
They continue, “Current evidence shows that dietary pulses with or without other legumes are associated with reduced CVD incidence with low certainty and reduced [coronary heart disease], hypertension, and obesity incidence with very low certainty.”
Despite the difficulties, overall, the authors believe that increasing legume intake could improve heart health.