The month of October is considered breast cancer awareness month. Several activities such as seminars and campaigns are carried out worldwide to aware people of cancer that affects a large group of women.
According to the statistics by WHO, there are about 1.38 million new cases and 458 000 deaths from breast cancer each year (IARC Globocan, 2008).
Significance of early detection
Studies say that early detection of cancer can increase the survival rate of the patient. Symptoms of the disease include the presence of a lump in the breast, pain in the breast, swelling in areas near the breasts, discharge other than breast milk, and swelling underarm. It is necessary to consult specialists to check the signs and symptoms of breast cancer.
A breast exam involves the identification of the presence of lymph and other changes in the shape of the breast. Women should keep consulting doctors for regular checkups.
This is a type of X-ray that can help identify any abnormality in the breasts.
These women are at risk of breast cancer:
- Women above the age of 55
- Consume excessive alcohol
- Early menstruation or late menopause
- Giving birth at an older age
- Women who choose hormone therapy
- And genetics may also play a role