The Holy Month of Ramadan is more than a month of prayers with history showing the first generation of Muslims achieved great victories during this blessed month. According to Islamic calendar, this day 17th Ramadan marks the day when the Battle of Badr took place two years after the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) migrated to Madinah.
The Battle of Badr is the first battle in the history of Islam after the migration of Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and this battle laid the foundation of the Islamic State and made out of the Muslims a force to be reckoned with by the dwellers of the Arabic Peninsula.
At this battle in which the pagan (Kuffar) army consisted of 950 fighters and 313 (including the Messenger peace be upon him). Muslims were outnumbered and were poorly-equipped. Eminent companions such as Abu Bakr, Umar, Ali, Hamza, Mus`ab ibn `Umair, Az-Zubair bin Al-‘Awwam, Ammar ibn Yasir, and Abu Dharr al-Ghifari took part (may Allah be pleased with them all).
In the beginning as per Arab custom, single combat (one to one) took place. The famous Quraysh warriors Utbah, Shayba and Walid came to challenge three ‘Ansars’ from Madinah. The Quraysh refused to fight any of the ‘Ansars’, demanding their ‘equals’ and so the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent Ubayda, Hamza and Ali (may Allah be pleased with them). The three Kuffar were killed (Ubayda was hurt). The Quraysh got disturbed and began attacking en-masse.
In the thick of the battle, the Prophet prayed to Allah. Angels helped the Muslims achieve victory over the Quraysh who were better equipped in terms of weaponry, camels and war-horses.The enemies got frightened and began to retreat. The bravery and skill of Muslim soldiers under the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Seventy-two Kuffar in total were killed including their leader Abu Jahl. Ali ibn Abi Talib alone killed 36 of them. Fourteen Muslims were martyred. Seventy prisoners were taken by the Muslims. The prisoners were treated with kindness and some became Muslims.
Battle of Badr in the light of Quran
Surat Al-Anfal Allah Almighty gave the answer: “When you asked for help from your Lord, He answered you. Indeed I will aid you with a thousand of the angels in rows behind rows.” (Qur’an, 8:9)
“Indeed Allah assisted you at Badr when you were weak, so be careful (to your duty) to Allah so that you may be of the thankful ones. When you said to the believers ‘Does it not suffice you that your Lord should assist you with three thousand angels sent down.” (Qur’an, 3:123)
Martyrs of Battle of Badr
1) Sayyiduna ‘Umayr ibn Abi Waqas. رضي الله عنه
2) Sayyiduna Safwan ibn Wahb. رضي الله عنه
3) Sayyiduna Dhu-Shimalayn ibn ‘Abdi. رضي الله عنه
4) Sayyiduna Mihja’ ibn Salih. رضي الله عنه
5) Sayyiduna ‘Aqil bin al-Bukayr. رضي الله عنه
6) Sayyiduna ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Harith. رضي الله عنه
7) Sayyiduna Sa’ad ibn Khaythama. رضي الله عنه
8) Sayyiduna Mubashir ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir. رضي الله عنه
9) Sayyiduna Harithah ibn Suraqah. رضي الله عنه
10) Sayyiduna Rafi’ ibn Mu’ala. رضي الله عنه
11) Sayyiduna ‘Umayr ibn Humam. رضي الله عنه
12) Sayyiduna Yazid ibn al-Harith. رضي الله عنه
13) Sayyiduna Mu’awidh ibn al-Harith. رضي الله عنه
14) Sayyiduna ‘Awf ibn al-Harith. رضي الله عنه