Beijing bans written exams for 6 and 7 years old
BEIJING: Beijing on Monday banned written exams for six- and seven-year-olds, as part of sweeping education reforms aimed at relieving pressure on pupils and parents in China’s hyper-competitive school system.
China’s exam-oriented system previously required students to take exams from first grade onwards, culminating in the feared university entrance exam at age 18 known as the gaokao, where a single score can determine a child’s life trajectory.
The gaokao is one of the few ways that poor, rural students can access better educational opportunities and job prospects at top universities.
“Too frequent exams, which cause students to be overburdened and under huge exam pressure,” have been axed by the Ministry of Education, according to new guidelines released Monday.
The ministry said the pressure on pupils from a young age “harms their mental and physical health.” The regulations also limit exams in other years of compulsory education to once a term, with mid-term and mock examinations allowed in junior high school.
The measures are part of wider government reforms of China’s education sector, which include a crackdown on cram schools — seen by parents as a way to inflate their children’s educational fortunes.
In late July, China ordered all private tutoring firms to turn non-profit, and barred tutoring agencies from giving lessons in core subjects at weekends and holidays, effectively crippling a $100 billion sector. The aim is to reduce China’s education inequality, where some middle-class parents willingly fork out 100,000 yuan ($15,400) or more per year on private tutoring to get their children into top schools. Many also snag property in schools’ catchment areas, driving up house prices.
“There is no other country that has such a strong tutoring culture (as China),” said Claudia Wang, partner and Asia education lead at Shanghai-based consulting firm Oliver Wyman.
With population growth at its slowest in decades, Chinese authorities lifted a two-child birth limit earlier this year and wish to increase incentives for parents to have more children.
Beijing city authorities last week announced that teachers must rotate schools every six years, to prevent a concentration of top talent at some schools.
Education officials on Monday reiterated a ban on schools setting up “priority” classes for gifted students.
The Ministry of Education also banned written homework for first- and second-graders earlier this year, and limited homework for junior high students to no more than 1.5 hours per night. However, many Chinese parents still regard education as a path to social mobility.–AFP
The United States should get ready for digital currency
The United States Federal Reserve is still cynical about the efficiency of...
Nayib Bukele: Chivo ‘now has more users than any bank in El Salvador’
Nayib Bukele, Salvadoran President stated that 2.1 million of his fellow residents...
Cardano (ADA) publicizes collaboration with Dish Network, Chainlink
TV and wireless service provider Dish Network and Ethereum blockchain rival Cardano...
Protest against Modi’s visit; a stark reminder over growing fascism in India
A large number of protesting Indian Americans had gathered at Lafayette Square...
Grapple gangs: Afghan fighters seek glory on a dusty Kabul field
Every weekend, fighters from around Afghanistan gather on a public field in...