US election holds immense significance not only for its own country but for other countries as well. The US president creates an impact on people’s lives both in the country and abroad. The election results influence a great number of people and other states.
Two political parties are dominating election 2020.
Republican Party: President Donald Trump is representing the republican party as the candidate. He is currently serving as president of the US. According to BBC, it has stood for lower taxes, gun rights, and tighter restrictions on immigration. Support for the party tends to be stronger in more rural parts of America. George W Bush, Ronald Reagan, and Richard Nixon were the republicans.
Democratic Party: The Democratic Party is a strong rival of the republicans. Joe Biden is representing as the candidate.
According to BBC, the democratic party has taken several liberal stances on issues like civil rights, immigration, and climate change. It believes the government should play a bigger role in people’s lives, like providing health insurance. John F Kennedy and Barack Obama were the democrats.
How is the winner chosen?
The voting system is usually based on the electoral college, which is widely admired because of its historic roots in the founding of the US. According to BBC, each state gets a certain number of electoral college votes partly based on its population and there are a total of 538 up for grabs, so the winner is the candidate that wins 270 or more.
This implies that the voters decide state-level contests instead of a national one. Thus, it is possible to win the most votes nationally. All but two states have a winner-takes-all rule, so whichever candidate wins the highest number of votes is awarded all of the state’s electoral college votes.
Who are eligible to vote?
You can vote if you are a US citizen and aged 18.
How to vote?
Voting seems a big problem in the US this year because of the coronavirus pandemic. Some politicians are emphasizing the wider use of postal ballots. But President Trump claimed that this could result in more voter fraud.
According to BBC, there are two ways to vote in the US – by going to a polling station on election day or by using a postal ballot – but the rules vary depending on which state you are in.
Why is election important?
It is because voters will not only be choosing the next president but will also be choosing new members of Congress.
According to BBC, congress is the part of the US government that writes and passes laws. It’s made up of two chambers – the House of Representatives and the Senate. Members of the House serve two-year terms while senators serve six-year terms and are split into three groups, meaning a third of them are up for election every two years.
When will the results be found?
It becomes quite clear who is the winner in the early hours, as voting results aired. But it can take many days for every vote to be counted.
However, this time officials have warned the public that they may have to wait for days or weeks because of the expected surge in postal ballots.
When does the winner take office as the President?
The new president officially takes the office on 20th January in an inauguration ceremony, which took place on the steps of the capitol building in Washington DC. The new President officially goes to the White House for a four-year term.
If Joe Biden wins the November’s election, he would not immediately replace Donald Trump as a transition period is set.