French army quits Mali base ahead of total pullout

French army quits Mali base ahead of total pullout

French army quits Mali base ahead of total pullout

French army quits Mali base (Credit: Google)

  • French troops hand over military base in northeastern Mali.
  • UN emissary in region warns departure could leave Menaka vulnerable to attack.
  • France launched anti-jihadist operations in the region in 2013.

French troops handed over a military base in northeastern Mali on Monday, ahead of a final withdrawal from the Sahel nation, according to France’s army, After nine years of fighting a jihadist insurgency,

And a UN emissary in the region warned that their departure could leave Menaka, where they were stationed, vulnerable to a jihadist attack.

The departure from the Menaka base “was carried out in good order, safely, and transparently,” said General Pascal Ianni of the French army in Paris.

It comes ahead of the last withdrawal from Mali “at the end of the summer” when France’s main military base at Gao will be returned to Malian forces, he added.

But El-Ghassim Wane, the UN Secretary General’s special representative in Mali, warned that the pull-out could spell trouble for Menaka.

He had visited the town two weeks ago, he said, and people there he had spoken to “did not rule out an attack on Menaka town”, where 5,000 people forced to flee the violence in the region had taken shelter.


“Should this scenario come to pass, the MINUSMA base is likely to be perceived as the last haven for civilians fleeing violence,” Wane added, referring to the base of the UN peacekeeping force in Mali.

But he warned: “With minimal Malian forces in the area and some 600 peacekeepers available to protect civilians, UN personnel and assets, MINUSMA’s ability to mount an effective response is limited.”

– Deteriorating relations –

Former colonial ruler France set up the Menaka outpost in 2018 in the wild tri-border zone where Mali meets Niger and Burkina Faso. It housed French and European special forces under the name Takuba tasked with training up local troops.

General Ianni told journalists the Takuba operation would not be transferred to neighboring Niger.

France launched anti-jihadist operations in the Sahel in 2013, helping Mali snuff out a revolt in the north.


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But the jihadists regrouped to attack the volatile centre of the country, initiating a fiery insurgency that elected president Ibrahim Bubacar Keita was unable to crush.

In August 2020, protests against Keita culminated in a coup by disgruntled colonels — followed by a second military takeover in May 2021.

From then on, relations with France went steadily downhill, propelled by the junta’s resistance to setting an early date to restore civilian rule and by Bamako’s charges that France was inciting the region to take a hard line against it.

The bust-up accelerated in 2021 as the junta wove closer ties with Moscow, bringing in “military instructors” that France and its allies condemned as mercenaries hired from the pro-Kremlin Wagner group.

– France not quitting Sahel –

The French operation across the Sahel counted at its peak in 2020 some 5,500 troops before Paris started to reduce the numbers gradually and close the most forward bases at Kidal, Tessalit and Timbuktu in northern Mali.

The French ambassador to Bamako was expelled in January, and President Emmanuel Macron announced a total withdrawal from Mali the following month as relations and security deteriorated.

However, the army announced on Monday that French forces would remain in the Sahel region.

“The commitment to the struggle against terrorism, alongside the states of the region, at their request, remains an absolute priority,” the spokesman said.

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