For people in most Asian countries, including Pakistan, artificial intelligence is currently an unfamiliar and novice subject.
Basically, artificial intelligence or AI is the science of subjugating the human brain and developing machines that think, understand and then act over. It has been a favourite subject of scientists and researchers around the world since the 1960s, and in this journey of nearly half a century, it is a sign of rapid research that today human beings have launched a project to create an artificial human brain called “Mortality Technology”.
Artificial intelligence is a human endeavour to bring science and technology to the forefront. Scientist John McCarthy called it artificial intelligence, a science of building machines that have intelligence.
Moreover, Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig used the term ‘intelligent agents’ for the first time in their book, instead of machines, meaning agents who have the ability to fully understand and examine their environment so that the environment be able to deal with them, which will not only increase the speed of human work but also make it possible to achieve the right result to the ultimate extent.
That is why AI is considered to be the second great revolution and milestone in human history, especially in industries, computers and robotics.
To understand this unique, astonishing and interesting subject, it is essential to be familiar with its four basic ‘schools of thought’. Russell, Norwich, and John Hoagland were the leading figures in the first school of thought, according to them the real purpose of AI was to develop machines that could think and understand just like humans.
The quintessence of the second school of thought is to build a machine through AI so that it can not only fully understand its environment and react, but also perform the functions that human beings want in seconds, a notable example of this is robots, with the advancement of technology, have become capable of making quick decisions, but their functions are still largely ‘predictable’.
In addition, computers provide visual information about a person or place through static images and videos. This is another aspect of intelligent machines.
AI’s third school of thought has to do with the ability to conquer the human brain, that is, to create models that can be used to understand the human brain and to understand how the brain responds to its environment, to the people around it, and to everyday life.
The last school of thought deals with techniques that enable the machine to produce many times better results than man. An example of this is the various search engines available on the Internet in which Google is considered to be the most used search engine worldwide.
The third and fourth schools of thought are all based on our ability to subdue the brain, and the brain is undoubtedly the most complex organ in the human body whose functions and mechanisms have not yet been fully understood.
The question is, over the next twenty years or less, scientists will be able to create an artificial brain by understanding the working methods of the brain, to the latest techniques, and the machine will be able to read human behaviour. Will it be a new milestone for humanity or will it bring us to the brink of disaster?
This is the negative side of AI that has been explained by eminent scientists like Stephen Hawking for a long time, ie scientists should focus all their attention on creating intelligent systems that guarantee the welfare of humanity, but this, On the contrary, our lives are becoming more and more entangled in the web of technology in such a way that the clash of humanity and technology seems to be an inevitable event, sooner or later.